In 2023 as in 1854

“bravery” doesn’t mean only “courage”;

it can also mean “dressing to show off.” Consider the rose in Herbert’s “Virtue,” with its “hue, angry and brave.”

Or, because the rose display can also include yellow, consider:



Unconscious despair: the face of the consolation prize


“The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation. What is called resignation is confirmed desperation. From the desperate city you go into the desperate country, and have to console yourself with the bravery of minks and muskrats. A stereotyped but unconscious despair is concealed even under what are called the games and amusements of mankind.”

Walden, chapter 1



Bravery: “Finery, fine clothes.”  — Oxford English Dictionary, definition 3b